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Networks and Netwars:
The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy

John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt (editors)


Order Now    $25.00 (paperback, 375 pp.)
    ISBN: 0-8330-3030-2
    MR-1382-OSD, © 2001


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Chapter One: The Advent of Netwar (Revisited)

Part I: Violence-Prone Netwars

Chapter Two: The Networking of Terror in the Information Age

Chapter Three: Transnational Criminal Networks

Chapter Four: Gangs, Hooligans, and Anarchists - The Vanguard of Netwar In the Streets

Part II: Social Netwars

Chapter Five: Networking Dissent: Cyber Activists Use the Internet to Promote Democracy In Burma

Chapter Six: Emergence and Influence of the Zapatista Social Netwar

Chapter Seven: Netwar in the Emerald City: WTO Protest Strategy and Tactics

Part III: Once and Future Netwars

Chapter Eight: Activism, Hacktivism, and Cyberterrorism: The Internet as a Tool for Influencing Foreign Policy

Chapter Nine: the Structure of Social Movements: Environmental Activism and Its Opponents

Chapter Ten: What Next for Networks and Netwars?

Afterword (September 2001): The Sharpening Fight for the Future


About the Authors

Copyright © 2001 RAND

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's National Security Research Division.

All rights reserved. Permission is given to duplicate this on-line document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors.




The fight for the future is not between the armies of leading states, nor are its weapons those of traditional armed forces. Rather, the combatants come from bomb-making terrorist groups like Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda, or drug smuggling cartels like those in Colombia and Mexico. On the positive side are civil-society activists fighting for the environment, democracy and human rights. What all have in common is that they operate in small, dispersed units that can deploy anywhere, anytime to penetrate and disrupt. They all feature network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology attuned to the information age. And, from the Intifadah to the drug war, they are proving very hard to beat.

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