Networks and Netwars:
The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy
John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt (editors)
$25.00 (paperback, 375 pp.)
MR-1382-OSD, © 2001
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Chapter One: The Advent of Netwar (Revisited)
Part I: Violence-Prone Netwars
Chapter Two: The Networking of Terror in the Information Age
Chapter Three: Transnational Criminal Networks
Chapter Four: Gangs, Hooligans, and Anarchists - The Vanguard of Netwar
In the Streets
Part II: Social Netwars
Chapter Five: Networking Dissent: Cyber Activists Use the Internet to
Promote Democracy In Burma
Chapter Six: Emergence and Influence of the Zapatista Social Netwar
Chapter Seven: Netwar in the Emerald City: WTO Protest Strategy and
Part III: Once and Future Netwars
Chapter Eight: Activism, Hacktivism, and Cyberterrorism: The Internet as
a Tool for Influencing Foreign Policy
Chapter Nine: the Structure of Social Movements: Environmental Activism
and Its Opponents
Chapter Ten: What Next for Networks and Netwars?
Afterword (September 2001): The Sharpening Fight for the Future
About the Authors
Copyright © 2001 RAND
The research described in this report was performed under the
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The fight for the future is not between the armies of leading
states, nor are its weapons those of traditional armed forces.
Rather, the combatants come from bomb-making terrorist groups like
Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda, or drug smuggling cartels like those in
Colombia and Mexico. On the positive side are civil-society
activists fighting for the environment, democracy and human rights.
What all have in common is that they operate in small, dispersed
units that can deploy anywhere, anytime to penetrate and disrupt.
They all feature network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy,
and technology attuned to the information age. And, from the
Intifadah to the drug war, they are proving very hard to beat.